The artifact is a hand-carved wooden reliquary from the 1600’s, and it contains a substantial relic of St. Deusdedit who reigned from 615-618.
The relic itself is one of the oldest items in the Collection superseded only by the relic of the true cross owned by Pope Clement XI who reigned from 1700 – 1721, (Clement XI: A Relic of the True Cross of Christ) and lead seals from papal bullae of three different pontificates.
About Pope Deusdedit:
St. Deusdedit, whose birth date is unknown, was the son of a Roman sub deacon, Stephen, who was elected to succeed Pope Boniface IV in October, 615. Little is known about him other than he had already served as a priest for forty years at the time of his election. His name is translated, God has given. He was the first priest to be elected pope since John II in 533. It is known that he greatly loved the clergy and promoted them rather than members of religious orders. His love for them was apparent after his death as his will contained a sum of money to be given to them. This is the first recorded funerary bequest by a pope to his clergy. He also ordained fourteen priests, the first ordinations since the pontificate of Gregory I that had ended in 604.
While little is known about him he is thought to be the first pope to use the leaden seal, the bulla, for pontifical documents and one dating from his pontificate and bearing the inscription of his name is still preserved.
During his reign a violent earthquake and an outbreak of leprosy struck Rome. He set a heroic example by his efforts to relieve suffering. He also was loyal to the Emperor Heraclius (610 –641) during a time of political turmoil. He reigned in the midst of revolt, upheaval and the butchery of government officials in Ravenna to the north and rebellion in Naples to the south.
Pope Honorius I (625 – 638) described him as simple, devout, wise, and shrewd. Pope Deusdedit died on November 8, 618.
Saint Deusdedit, pray for us!